Carbon capture and storage (CCS) refer to the method of capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the exhaust of power generating processes and storing them so that they are not released into the environment. CCS technologies have a major potential to significantly reduce global CO2 emissions in power systems. It has been found that the Earth’s average rate of absorbing CO2 is about one ton per year. If every man, woman, and child implemented the use of carbon capture and storage at their homes, the average global amount of CO2 added to the atmosphere would be reduced by one gigaton. The cost of implementing such a program could run into hundreds of millions of dollars annually.
The major benefit of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is its ability to mitigate the greenhouse effect. The captured carbon is effectively stored underground to prevent atmospheric absorption of CO2. Since CO2 is thought to be one of the main causes of climate change, the added ability of CCS to store it effectively offers a long-term solution to this problem. By using captured CO2, the Earth’s average absorption capacity is decreased, and researchers believe that future efforts to control climate change will be more successful as a result.
When industrial processes result in the capture of CO2, the captured gas can be reused in power generation plants for re-use. A variety of applications have emerged where captured CO2 is used. One such application is through carbon capture and storage for use in fuel cells for portable vehicles.
The other major benefit is that CCS offers a cost-effective way to control the amount of CO2 being released into the atmosphere. In addition to offering a cost-effective solution, Carbon Capture and Storage reduce the number of fuel emissions needed to generate electricity in power plants. These emissions are considered a significant contributor to the accelerating buildup of carbon in the atmosphere and the accelerating release of methane, a greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere as well. By using Carbon Capture and Storage techniques, power plants can safely and at minimal cost capture, store, and allow reuse of CO2 for future use.
Two methods of Carbon Capture and Storage are dry and wet co2 capture. The wet method involves the use of pressurized hoses to transport wet CO2 into closed vacuum tubes. The dry method involves the use of absorbent filters containing wet co2 capture granules. Both dry and wet co2 capture have the same benefits including a reduction in fossil fuel emissions and the avoidance of the negative environmental impact of petroleum byproducts such as biodiesel and acetate. While these methods can be used in a variety of applications, the most common method is to use them together as a means of efficiently capturing and storing carbon dioxide in large stationary compressors.
Another application of Carbon Capture and Storage is in the climate change and mitigation arena. As carbon dioxide levels continue to mount in the earth’s atmosphere, many believe that we need to deploy a wide range of carbon control and storage technologies to reduce the rapid increase of atmospheric CO2 in the earth’s atmosphere. For this reason, a Carbon Cycle Catalytic Trainer was recently developed by PHD Eco-Systems Corporation to mitigate and address the carbon emissions released during the combustion of fossil fuels. This technology was specifically designed to meet federal regulations regarding the emission of greenhouse gases as well as being able to meet federal standards for the reduction of fuel emissions from the nation’s largest stationary compressors.
In addition to deploying this technology as a means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, it is also being deployed by oil and gas companies to decrease the emissions released from the flares, wells, and shafts that hold volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and other noxious gasses that result from natural gas production. A large portion of the carbon dioxide emissions resulting from oil and gas production is contained within the steam or gaseous emissions. It has been estimated that approximately one to two-thirds of these emissions is trapped and stored by carbon capture systems. With the threat of climate change looming over the world, there is no question that the use of this technology is imperative.
The use of this technology is crucial to reducing greenhouse gas emissions because it directly ties into another critical piece of the puzzle in addressing the issue of global warming. Carbon Dioxide (Dioxide) is believed to be responsible for a majority of the Earth’s climate change. To reduce the effects of global warming and prevent climate change, it is necessary to reduce the amount of gaseous emissions into the atmosphere. Carbon capture and storage not only reduce emissions, but it also captures the CO2. Once captured, the CO2 can be used for a variety of energy-producing purposes including powering vehicles, or it can be sent into space to be used for heating water or air. Many scientists agree that carbon dioxide capture and storage are one of the most important and cost-effective ways to mitigate the effects of global warming.
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